Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade
Industry, Mine and Trade at a Glance:
Industry, Mine and Trade sectors of Iran, with the largest share of the economy, have extensive interaction with other social, economic and political sectors and can be among the most effective economic pioneers of the country. Therefore, understanding the status quo, programs and policies of these sectors can provide a clear picture of the situation and the future economic potential of Iran. Industry, Mine and Trade sectors not only play a major role in organizing community livelihoods, but they can also strengthen the authority and efficiency of the country to achieve security, justice, prosperity, freedom, independence and national dignity. Extensive communication of this sector with various sectors such as monetary and banking affairs, stock, production, distribution, employment, import, export, communication between consumers and producers, and many other sectors and the impacts of these sectors indicate the importance of recognizing the Industry, Mine and Trade sector of the country.
The structure of policymaking and the management of production and commercial sectors in Iran have faced many changes historically. Since 1906, when the Ministry of Trade was established in Iran, until 2011, when the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade was turned into its present form, both areas of production and trade have played a role in the country’s economic structure together and separately. For instance, in 1937, the Ministry of Trade and the Ministry of Industry and Mines existed. By merging them in 1941, The Ministry of Trade, Craft, and Art was established. Afterwards, again in 1995, the Ministries of Industry, Mines, and Trade separated. This was carried out many times in the interests of that time. Certainly, juxtaposition of Construction and Trade sectors will be more effective in improving the processes of production, distribution, and trade in any country. It is also among the main motivations for the formation of the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Mine at present.
Industry, Mine and Trade at a Glance:
Currently, the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade is the trustee for Construction and Trade sectors, which is divided into three main areas based on organizational structure: staff field, subsidiaries field and provincial organizations field that are based in 31 provinces. Leading all three sectors of Industry, Trade, and Mine is among the main tasks in staff, organizational and provincial fields. Staff field is mainly responsible for policymaking, support, operational planning, supervision, monitoring and addressing major issues in all three sectors of Industry, Trade and Mine.
The subsidiary organizations are responsible for development and implementation of government policies and programs within their own jurisdiction. These measures are carried out with the collaboration of the private sector or independently by these organizations.
Organizations responsible for implementing the determined policies of the Ministry include Industrial Development and Renovation Organization of Iran (IDRO) in some areas of industry and Iranian Mines and Mining Industries Development and Renovation Organization (IMIDRO) in some areas of mining. Other organizations are Trade Promotion Organization in the field of export and import, The Organization of Protection of Consumers and Producers in the fields of sponsorship, inspection, and supervision of prices and distribution of goods, the Organization of Small Industries & Industrial Towns in the areas of towns and industrial areas, industrial units located in towns and industrial areas. Provincial organizations are in charge of implementing the determined plans and policies in provinces by establishing a closer contact with industrial, mining and trade units.
In respect to the share of the production and trade sectors of the economy of Iran, this fact should be noted that the share of Industry, Mine and Trade sectors in gross domestic product equals 40 percent. This share in the employment of the country equals 32 percent.